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Usage

To cite a website, the {{refwebsite}} template should be used. This requires the URL of the page, the name of the page, the URL of the website, the name of the website, and a timestamp of the date the website was accessed, and an archive (see the #Archiving section).

The parameters:

{{Refwebsite
| page url = [ URL of the referenced page ]
| page name = [ page name of url, from title found in tab/window, or title found on page ]
| site url = [ URL of site home page ]
| site name = [ Name of site from title found in tab/window or somewhere on site ]
| access time = [ timestamp, usually generated automatically ]
| screenshot = [ optional, see #Archiving ]
| archive url = [ optional, see #Archiving ]
}}

If the website was accessed on the current day then "access time = ~~~~~" will usually work, however if {{refwebsite}} is being used inside a

<ref> tag, this will not work. Instead the

<ref> tag and the current date can be generated by using subst:. A name can be set on the {{ref}} tag with the name parameter.

An example:

{{subst:Refwebsite
| page url = https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Final_Fantasy
| page name = Final Fantasy
| site url = https://en.wikipedia.org/
| site name = Wikipedia
| name = ffwikip
}}

This will appear on the page as follows:

<ref name="ffwikip">{{Refwebsite|page url = https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Final_Fantasy| page name = Final Fantasy| site url = https://en.wikipedia.org/| site name = Wikipedia| access time = 04:42, September 19, 2020 (UTC)}}</ref>

Archiving

Unlike physical sources such as books, the accessibility of a website relies entirely on the upholding of the owner's, and pages can be modified or disappear at any time. This is known as link rot. To prevent the effects of this, archives of pages at the time the information is gathered are used.

By default, this template will link to the Wayback Machine archive based on the timestamp given. Whenever a user adds a new citation they should make a new archive of the page.

Sometimes the Wayback Machine is not capable of creating a backup of a page, in which case other archiving methods are available.

Wayback Machine

When citing a website, the page should be archived by:

  • Access the Internet Archive and copy the URL into the "Save Page Now" textbox and submit it, or
  • Go to the desired page and prefix https://web.archive.org/save/ in the URL bar then go that address. E.g.
    • https://web.archive.org/save/http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Final_Fantasy

A backup will be created that looks something like:

  • https://web.archive.org/web/20200919044207/http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Final_Fantasy.

The backup is linked to by using the access time field. The access time field in the template can be manually set to the 14-digit value in the archive URL (20200919044207 in the above example).

archive.today

If the Wayback Machine cannot archive the page or does not archive the page properly, then archive.today can be used. Follow the instructions on the website to archive a web page. The resulting URL will look something like:

The URL can be used in a archive url field.

A timestamp is given in the top-right of the archived page resembling 19 Sep 2020 04:42:07 UTC. This can be used in the access time field.

Example:

{{Refwebsite
| page url = https://finalfantasy.fandom.com/wiki/Final_Fantasy_VII_Remake_World_Preview
| page name = Final Fantasy VII Remake World Preview
| site url = https://finalfantasy.fandom.com/
| site name = Final Fantasy Wiki
| archive url = https://archive.vn/Vpm5W
| access time = 27 Mar 2020 04:12:32 UTC
}}

Other archives

There are other web archiving initiatives. These are considered less reliable than the Wayback Machine and archive.today, however they may be used if other methods fail. Fan-hosted mirrors may also be used, although these are beholden to the same link rot problems as the original source.

If all else fails, a screenshot may be used.

Screenshots

A screenshot can be taken of the relevant information and uploaded to the wiki. The image should be placed in the screenshot parameter.

Example:

{{subst:Refwebsite
| page url = https://na.square-enix.com/us/blog/mobius-final-fantasy-pax-west-2017-recap
| page name = MOBIUS FINAL FANTASY PAX West 2017 Recap
| site url = https://na.square-enix.com/us/blog/
| site name = Square Enix Members blog
| screenshot = File:SEblog-KaoriKawabuchi.png
}}

Generates:

<ref name="nablogmobpax17">{{Refwebsite
| page url = https://na.square-enix.com/us/blog/mobius-final-fantasy-pax-west-2017-recap
| page name = MOBIUS FINAL FANTASY PAX West 2017 Recap
| site url = https://na.square-enix.com/us/blog/
| site name = Square Enix Members blog
| screenshot = File:SEblog-KaoriKawabuchi.png
| access time = 03:26, September 10, 2017 (UTC)
}}</ref>

Dead links

If the linked web page goes offline it does not need to be fixed if the archive still works. However, there are steps that can be taken to improve the citation.

If the page has been relocated, the new location can be archived and the citation updated.

If the original page is entirely unreachable, then the use of this template can be changed to {{refwebsitedead}} as described on that template's page.

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