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Sage is a job in Final Fantasy XIV introduced in the Final Fantasy XIV: Endwalker expansion. The job focuses on healing and using barriers to enhance their allies' defenses while using nouliths to channel aether to attack their foes. They have no base class and start at level 70.

Profile[]

The nation of Sharlayan is the cradle of knowledge, and the Studium its foremost institution of learning. Yet more so than its incomparable library and formidable assemblage of Archons, this prestigious academy is famed for blending traditionally distinct fields to produce revolutionary new disciplines. Among these, perhaps the most distinguished is an altruistic art which draws upon the wisdom of aetherology, sorcery, and medicine. Dubbed somanoutics, the art seeks to heal and protect by manipulating corporeal aether through the use of nouliths, a flying array of foci. Practitioners are dedicated to the betterment of mankind, and for their wisdom and compassion, eventually came to be known simply as sages.

Lodestone

The Sages are classified as a barrier Healer, with unique mechanic of augmenting their spells with Eukrasia to heal or grant barrier to the targeted allies. They're expected to attack consistently, and they have the most variations of damaging spell among Healers. In Endwalker, Alphinaud Leveilleur changes his job into Sage, inheriting his father's nouliths.

Equipment[]

Sages use nouliths as their weapons. Their armors and accessories are made up of "Healing" gear, like all Healer classes.

The primary attribute for sages is mind, which boosts their healing magic potency, and should always be prioritized over other attributes. As healer, they draw the most benefit from the critical hit, piety, spell speed, and determination secondary attributes, which all improve their healing capabilities in some way.

Job Gauge[]

The Sages use Eukrasia Gauge and Addersgall Gauge.

The Eukrasia Gauge indicates that the effect of Eukrasia is active. Eukrasia strengthens Dosis, Diagnosis, and Prognosis, which change spell effects.

The Addersgall Gauge displays the amount of Addersgall that has been applied. Addersgall increases by 1 stack every 20 seconds. The Sage can use the amount accumulated to execute several actions, such as Druochole and Kerachole (acquired at level 50).

When the barrier granted by Eukrasian Diagnosis is completely absorbed by nullifying damage, it will grant 1 stack of Addersting (with maximum of 3 stacks), and the stack will be visible on the Addersgall Gauge. The Sage can use the amount accumulated to execute several actions, such as Toxikon and Toxikon II (acquired at level 82).

Abilities[]

Job actions[]

Ability Level Type Cast Recast MP Cost Range Area
Dosis
Dosis from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
1 Spell 1.5s 2.5s 300 MP 25y
Deals unaspected damage with a potency of 180 (Somanoutic Oath 250, Somanoutic Oath II 300).
Additional Effect: Restores HP to targets under the effect of Kardion granted by you
Cure Potency: 130

Action changes to Eukrasian Dosis upon execution of Eukrasia.

Offensive Magic Mastery Upgrades to Dosis II.

Diagnosis
Diagnosis from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
2 Spell 1.5s 2.5s 400 MP 30y
Restores target's HP.
Cure Potency: 400 (Enhanced Healing Magic 450)

Action changes to Eukrasian Diagnosis upon execution of Eukrasia.

Kardia
Kardia from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
4 Ability Instant 5s 30y
Grants self the effect of Kardia and a selected party member or self the effect of Kardion, restoring HP after casting certain magic attacks.
Prognosis
Prognosis from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
10 Spell 2s 2.5s 800 MP 15y radius
Restores own HP and the HP of all nearby party members.
Cure Potency: 300

Action changes to Eukrasian Prognosis upon execution of Eukrasia.

Egeiro
Egeiro from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
12 Spell 8s 2.5s 2400 MP 30y
Resurrects target to a weakened state.
Physis
Physis from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
20 Ability Instant 60s 15y radius
Gradually restores own HP and the HP of all nearby party members.
Cure Potency: 100
Duration: 15s

Physis Mastery Upgrades to Physis II.

Phlegma
Phlegma from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
26 Spell Instant 45s 400 MP 6y 5y radius
Deals unaspected damage to target and all enemies nearby it with a potency of 230 (Somanoutic Oath 330, Somanoutic Oath II 400) for the first enemy, and 30% less for all remaining enemies.
Additional Effect: Restores HP to targets under the effect of Kardion granted by you
Cure Potency: 130
Maximum Charges: 2

This action does not share a recast timer with any other actions.

Offensive Magic Mastery Upgrades to Phlegma II.

Eukrasia
Eukrasia from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
30 Spell Instant 1s
Augments certain offensive and healing magic actions.
Dosis is upgraded to Eukrasian Dosis (Offensive Magic Mastery Dosis II is upgraded to Eukrasian Dosis II, Offensive Magic Mastery II Dosis III is upgraded to Eukrasian Dosis III).
Diagnosis is upgraded to Eukrasian Diagnosis.
Prognosis is upgraded to Eukrasian Prognosis.
Recast timer cannot be affected by status effects or gear attributes.
Eukrasian Diagnosis
Eukrasian Diagnosis from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
30 Spell Instant 1.5s 900 MP 30y
Restores target's HP.
Cure Potency: 300
Additional Effect: Erects a magicked barrier which nullifies damage equaling 180% of the amount of HP restored. When critical HP is restored, also grants Differential Diagnosis, nullifying damage equaling 125% (Enhanced Healing Magic 180%) the amount of HP restored.
Duration: 30s

Effect cannot be stacked with Eukrasian Prognosis or scholar's Galvanize.
※This action cannot be assigned to a hotbar.

Eukrasian Prognosis
Eukrasian Prognosis from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
30 Spell Instant 1.5s 900 MP 15y radius
Restores own HP and the HP of all nearby party members.
Cure Potency: 100
Additional Effect: Erects a magicked barrier which nullifies damage equaling 230% (Enhanced Healing Magic 320%) of the amount of HP restored
Duration: 30s

Effect cannot be stacked with Eukrasian Diagnosis or scholar's Galvanize.
※This action cannot be assigned to a hotbar.

Eukrasian Dosis
Eukrasian Dosis from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
30 Spell Instant 1.5s 400 MP 25y
Deals unaspected damage over time.
Potency: 30 (Somanoutic Oath 35, Somanoutic Oath II 40)
Duration: 30s
Additional Effect: Restores HP to targets under the effect of Kardion granted by you
Cure Potency: 130

※This action cannot be assigned to a hotbar.

Offensive Magic Mastery Upgrades to Eukrasian Dosis II.

Soteria
Soteria from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
35 Ability Instant 90s
Grants 4 stacks of Soteria, each stack increasing the cure potency of Kardion effects granted by you by 70%.
Duration: 15s
Icarus
Icarus from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
40 Ability Instant 45s 25y
Rush to a targeted enemy's or party member's location.
Unable to cast if bound.
Druochole
Druochole from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
45 Ability Instant 1s 30y
Restores target's HP.
Cure Potency: 600
Additional Effect: Restores 7% of maximum MP
Addersgall Cost: 1
Dyskrasia
Dyskrasia from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
46 Spell Instant 2.5s 400 MP 5y radius
Deals unaspected damage with a potency of 160 to all nearby enemies.
Additional Effect: Restores HP to targets under the effect of Kardion granted by you
Cure Potency: 130
Kerachole
Kerachole from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
50 Ability Instant 30s 15y radius
Reduces damage taken by self and nearby party members by 10%.
Duration: 15s

Effect cannot be stacked with Taurochole.

Enhanced Kerachole Additional Effect: Regen
Enhanced Kerachole Cure Potency: 100
Enhanced Kerachole Duration: 15s
Additional Effect: Restores 7% of maximum MP
Addersgall Cost: 1
Ixochole
Ixochole from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
52 Ability Instant 30s 15y radius
Restores own HP and the HP of all nearby party members.
Cure Potency: 400
Additional Effect: Restores 7% of maximum MP
Addersgall Cost: 1
Zoe
Zoe from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
56 Ability Instant 120s
(Enhanced Zoe 90s)
Increases healing magic potency of your next healing spell by 50%.
Duration: 30s
Pepsis
Pepsis from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
58 Ability Instant 30s 15y radius
Restores own HP and the HP of nearby party members by removing Eukrasian Diagnosis and Eukrasian Prognosis effects granted by you.
Eukrasian Diagnosis Cure Potency: 450
Eukrasian Prognosis Cure Potency: 350

Targets not under the effect of Eukrasian Diagnosis or Eukrasian Prognosis will not be healed.

Physis II
Physis II from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
60 Ability Instant 60s 15y radius
Gradually restores own HP and the HP of all nearby party members.
Cure Potency: 130
Duration: 15s
Additional Effect: Increases HP recovered by healing actions by 10%
Duration: 10s
Taurochole
Taurochole from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
62 Ability Instant 45s 30y
Restores own or target party member's HP.
Cure Potency: 700
Additional Effect: Reduces target's damage taken by 10%
Duration: 15s

Effect cannot be stacked with Kerachole.

Additional Effect: Restores 7% of maximum MP
Addersgall Cost: 1
Toxikon
Toxikon from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
66 Spell Instant 2.5s 25y 5y radius
Deals unaspected damage to target and all enemies nearby it with a potency of 240 (Offensive Magic Mastery 300) for the first enemy, and 50% less for all remaining enemies.
Additional Effect: Restores HP to targets under the effect of Kardion granted by you
Cure Potency: 130
Addersting Cost: 1

Offensive Magic Mastery II Upgrades to Toxikon II.

Haima
Haima from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
70 Ability Instant 120s 30y
Erects a magicked barrier around self or target party member that absorbs damage equivalent to a heal of 300 potency.
Additional Effect: Grants 5 stacks of Haimatinon
Duration: 15s

When the barrier is completely absorbed, a stack of Haimatinon is consumed and a new barrier is applied.
When the effect duration expires, a healing effect is then applied.

Cure Potency: 150 per remaining stack of Haimatinon
Dosis II
Dosis II from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
72 Spell 1.5s 2.5s 400 MP 25y
Deals unaspected damage with a potency of 320.
Additional Effect: Restores HP to targets under the effect of Kardion granted by you
Cure Potency: 130

Action changes to Eukrasian Dosis II upon execution of Eukrasia.

Offensive Magic Mastery II Upgrades to Dosis III.

Phlegma II
Phlegma II from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
72 Spell Instant 45s 400 MP 6y 5y radius
Deals unaspected damage to target and all enemies nearby it with a potency of 490 for the first enemy, and 50% less for all remaining enemies.
Additional Effect: Restores HP to targets under the effect of Kardion granted by you
Cure Potency: 130
Maximum Charges: 2

This action does not share a recast timer with any other actions.

Offensive Magic Mastery II Upgrades to Phlegma III.

Eukrasian Dosis II
Eukrasian Dosis II from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
72 Spell Instant 1.5s 400 MP 25y
Deals unaspected damage over time.
Potency: 60
Duration: 30s
Additional Effect: Restores HP to targets under the effect of Kardion granted by you
Cure Potency: 130

※This action cannot be assigned to a hotbar.

Offensive Magic Mastery II Upgrades to Eukrasian Dosis III.

Rhizomata
Rhizomata from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
74 Ability Instant 90s
Grants 1 stack of Addersgall.
Holos
Holos from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
76 Ability Instant 120s 15y radius
Restores own HP and the HP of all nearby party members.
Cure Potency: 300
Additional Effect: Reduces damage taken by self and nearby party members by 10%
Duration: 20s
Panhaima
Panhaima from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
80 Complete quest "Life Ephemeral, Path Eternal" Ability Instant 120s 15y radius
Erects a magicked barrier around self and all party members near you that absorbs damage equivalent to a heal of 200 potency.
Additional Effect: Grants 5 stacks of Panhaimatinon
Duration: 15s

When the barrier is completely absorbed, a stack of Panhaimatinon is consumed and a new barrier is applied.
When the effect duration expires, a healing effect is then applied.

Cure Potency: 100 per remaining stack of Panhaimatinon
Dosis III
Dosis III from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
82 Spell 1.5s 2.5s 400 MP 25y
Deals unaspected damage with a potency of 330.
Additional Effect: Restores HP to targets under the effect of Kardion granted by you
Cure Potency: 130 (Enhanced Healing Magic 170)

Action changes to Eukrasian Dosis III upon execution of Eukrasia.

Phlegma III
Phlegma III from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
82 Spell Instant 45s 400 MP 6y 5y radius
Deals unaspected damage to target and all enemies nearby it with a potency of 510 for the first enemy, and 50% less for all remaining enemies.
Additional Effect: Restores HP to targets under the effect of Kardion granted by you
Cure Potency: 130 (Enhanced Healing Magic 170)
Maximum Charges: 2

This action does not share a recast timer with any other actions.

Eukrasian Dosis III
Eukrasian Dosis III from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
82 Spell Instant 1.5s 400 MP 25y
Deals unaspected damage over time.
Potency: 70
Duration: 30s
Additional Effect: Restores HP to targets under the effect of Kardion granted by you
Cure Potency: 130 (Enhanced Healing Magic 170)

※This action cannot be assigned to a hotbar.

Dyskrasia II
Dyskrasia II from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
82 Spell Instant 2.5s 400 MP 5y radius
Deals unaspected damage with a potency of 170 to all nearby enemies.
Additional Effect: Restores HP to targets under the effect of Kardion granted by you
Cure Potency: 130 (Enhanced Healing Magic 170)
Toxikon II
Toxikon II from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
82 Spell Instant 2.5s 25y 5y radius
Deals unaspected damage to target and all enemies nearby it with a potency of 330 for the first enemy, and 50% less for all remaining enemies.
Additional Effect: Restores HP to targets under the effect of Kardion granted by you
Cure Potency: 130 (Enhanced Healing Magic 170)
Addersting Cost: 1
Krasis
Krasis from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
86 Ability Instant 60s 30y
Increases HP recovery via healing actions for a party member or self by 20%.
Duration: 10s
Pneuma
Pneuma from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
90 Spell 1.5s 120s 700 MP 25y 25y line
Deals unaspected damage to all enemies in a straight line before you with a potency of 330 for the first enemy, and 40% less for all remaining enemies.
Additional Effect: Restores own HP and the HP of all party members within a radius of 20 yalms
Cure Potency: 600
Additional Effect: Restores HP to targets under the effect of Kardion granted by you
Cure Potency: 170

This action does not share a recast timer with any other actions.

Role Actions[]

Ability Level Type Cast Recast MP Cost Range Area
Repose
Repose Role from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
Healer 8 Spell 2.5s 2.5s 600 MP 30y
Afflicts target with Sleep
Duration: 30s

Cancels auto-attack upon execution.

Esuna
Esuna Role from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
Healer 10 Spell 1s 2.5s 400 MP 30y
Removes a single detrimental effect from target.
Lucid Dreaming
Lucid Dreaming from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
HealerMagic Ranged DPS 14 Ability Instant 60s
Gradually restores own MP.
Potency: 55
Duration: 21s
Swiftcast
Swiftcast Role from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
HealerMagic Ranged DPS 18 Ability Instant 60s
Next spell is cast immediately.
Duration: 10s
Surecast
Surecast Role from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
HealerMagic Ranged DPS 44 Ability Instant 120s
Spells can be cast without interruption.
Additional Effect: Nullifies most knockback and draw-in effects
Duration: 6s
Rescue
Rescue from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
Healer 48 Ability Instant 120s 30y
Instantly draws target party member to your side. Cannot be used outside of combat or when target is suffering from certain enfeeblements.

Traits[]

Name Level Description
Maim and Mend
Maim and Mend from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
20 Increases base action damage and HP restoration by 10%.
Maim and Mend II
Maim and Mend II from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
40 Increases base action damage and HP restoration by 30%.
Addersgall
Addersgall from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
45 Grants 1 stack of Addersgall automatically every twenty seconds.
Maximum Stacks: 3

Can be charged outside of combat.

Somanoutic Oath
Somanoutic Oath from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
54 Increases the potency of Dosis to 250, Phlegma to 330, and Eukrasian Dosis to 35.
Physis Mastery
Physis Mastery from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
60 Upgrades Physis to Physis II.
Somanoutic Oath II
Somanoutic Oath II from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
64 Increases the potency of Dosis to 300, Phlegma to 400, and Eukrasian Dosis to 40.
Addersting
Addersting from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
66 Grants 1 stack of Addersting when the barrier granted by Eukrasian Diagnosis is completely absorbed.
Maximum Stacks: 3
Offensive Magic Mastery
Offensive Magic Mastery from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
72 Upgrades Dosis to Dosis II, Phlegma to Phlegma II, and Eukrasian Dosis to Eukrasian Dosis II. Also increases the potency of Toxikon to 300.
Enhanced Kerachole
Enhanced Kerachole from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
78 Adds an additional effect to Kerachole that grants healing over time.
Offensive Magic Mastery II
Offensive Magic Mastery II from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
82 Upgrades Dosis II to Dosis III, Phlegma II to Phlegma III, Eukrasian Dosis II to Eukrasian Dosis III, Dyskrasia to Dyskrasia II, and Toxikon to Toxikon II.
Enhanced Healing Magic
Enhanced Healing Magic from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
85 Increases the healing potency of Diagnosis to 450 and Kardia to 170. Also increases the strength of barriers granted by Eukrasian Diagnosis to 180% the amount of HP restored, and Eukrasian Prognosis to 320% the amount of HP restored.

The Kardia upgrade is applied to all spells affected by it. As a result, spells the player cannot use at level 85 or higher due to upgrades will be described as having a healing potency of 170 in game even when it is impossible to cast the spell with this trait in effect.

Enhanced Zoe
Enhanced Zoe from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
88 Reduces Zoe recast time to 90 seconds.

PvP actions[]

Ability Type Cast Recast MP Cost Range Area
Dosis III
Dosis III PvP from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
Spell 1.44s 2.4s 25y
Deals unaspected damage with a potency of 4,000.
Additional Effect: Restores HP to targets under the effect of Kardion granted by you
Cure Potency: 2,000
Phlegma III
Phlegma III PvP from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
Spell Instant 15s 5y 5y radius
Deals unaspected damage with a potency of 10,000 to target and all enemies nearby it.
Maximum Charges: 2

This action does not share a recast timer with any other actions.

Pneuma
Pneuma PvP from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
Spell 1.44s 30s 25y 25y line
Deals unaspected damage with a potency of 12,000 to all enemies in a straight line before you.
Additional Effect: Grants Haima and 5 stacks of Haimatinon to self and all party members within 20 yalms
Haima Effect: Erects a magicked barrier which nullifies damage equivalent to a heal of 2,000 potency
Duration: 10s

When the barrier is completely absorbed, a stack of Haimatinon is consumed and a new barrier is applied.
When the effect duration expires, a healing effect is then applied.

Cure Potency: 2,000 per remaining stack of Haimatinon

This action does not share a recast timer with any other actions.

Eukrasia
Eukrasia PvP from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
Spell Instant 15s
Upgrades Dosis III to Eukrasian Dosis III.
Duration: 10s

Effect expires upon executing Eukrasian Dosis III.

Maximum Charges: 2

This action does not share a recast timer with any other actions.

Icarus
Icarus PvP from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
Ability Instant 10s 25y
Rush to a targeted enemy's or party member's location.
Maximum Charges: 2

Unable to cast if bound.

Toxikon
Toxikon PvP from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
Ability Instant 15s 25y 5y radius
Deals unaspected damage with a potency of 2,000 to target and all enemies nearby it.
Additional Effect: Increases target's damage taken by 10%
Duration: 5s
Maximum Charges: 2

※Action changes to Toxikon II while under the effect of Addersting.

Kardia
Kardia PvP from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
Ability Instant 1s 30y
Grants self the effect of Kardia and a selected party member or self the effect of Kardion, granting the additional effects of Dosis III and Eukrasian Dosis III when these spells are cast.
Eukrasian Dosis III
Eukrasian Dosis III PvP from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
Spell Instant 1.5s 25y
Deals unaspected damage over time.
Potency: 4,000
Duration: 12s
Additional Effect: Grants Eukrasian Diagnosis to targets under the effect of Kardion granted by you
Eukrasian Diagnosis Effect: Erects a magicked barrier which nullifies damage equivalent to a heal of 8,000 potency
Duration: 15s

Grants Addersting when barrier is completely absorbed.

Duration: 10s

Toxikon changes to Toxikon II while under the effect of Addersting.
※This action cannot be assigned to a hotbar.

Toxikon II
Toxikon II PvP from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
Ability Instant 1s 25y 5y radius
Deals unaspected damage to target and all enemies nearby it with a potency of 8,000 for the first enemy, and 2,000 for all remaining enemies.
Additional Effect: Increases target's damage taken by 10%
Duration: 5s

Can only be executed while under the effect of Addersting.
※This action cannot be assigned to a hotbar.

Mesotes
Mesotes PvP from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
Limit Break Instant 10s 30y 5y radius
Erects a magicked barrier at a select location, granting party members the effect of Mesotes and afflicting enemies with the effect of Lype when standing inside.
Duration: 15s
Mesotes Effect: Negates all damage from enemies who are not under the effect of Lype
Duration: 5s
Lype Effect: Damage over time
Potency: 8,000
Duration: 5s

The barrier can be relocated once before its effect expires, but the effect duration will not be reset.
Can only be executed when the limit gauge is full.

Standard-issue Elixir
Standard-issue Elixir PvP from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
Ability 4.5s 5s
Restores your HP and MP to maximum.
Casting will be interrupted when damage is taken.
Recuperate
Recuperate PvP from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
Ability Instant 1s 2500 MP
Restores own HP.
Cure Potency: 15,000
Purify
Purify PvP from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
Ability Instant 30s
Removes Stun, Heavy, Bind, Silence, Half-asleep, Sleep, and Deep Freeze.Grants Resilience upon successfully removing one of the aforementioned effects.
Resilience Effect: Nullifies status afflictions that can be removed by Purify
Duration: 5s

Can be used even when under the effect of certain status afflictions.

Guard
Guard PvP from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
Ability Instant 30s
Reduces damage taken by 90% and grants immunity to Stun, Heavy, Bind, Silence, Half-asleep, Sleep, Deep Freeze, and knockback and draw-in effects.
Duration: 5s

Movement speed is reduced by 50% for the duration of this effect.
Effect ends upon reuse, using another action, or when the effect duration expires.

Sprint
Sprint PvP from Final Fantasy XIV icon.png
Ability Instant 1.5s
Increases movement speed.
Effect ends upon reuse or execution of another action.

Behind the scenes[]

On July 30, 2021, Naoki Yoshida addressed the players on a lodestone post about a design change regarding the Sage's job icon after receiving player feedback from around the world over the icon triggering trypophobia in some players (discomfort when seeing clusters of small holes or bumps). The new job icon has the holes that represent the nouliths filled in and the two on the outside pointing inwards. [1]

Gallery[]

Promotional material
PvE Actions
PvE Role actions

Etymology[]

A sage in classical philosophy is someone who has attained the wisdom which a philosopher seeks.

References[]

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