The Populares is an organization from Final Fantasy XIV. A sub-faction of the Garlean Empire in opposition to the Optimates, the Populares represent the interest of the masses of the imperial population and seek to promote reforms in the provincial policy of the Empire.
The Populares were a faction of progressive Roman senators, and opposed the Optimates, the conservatives. The Populares advocated greater intervention by the popular assemblies in the government of the Roman Republic and the gradual loss of the absolute power of the Roman senate. Their political ideas included granting Roman citizenship to all peoples living under Roman rule and agrarian reforms to end the unproductive latifundia. Despite the liberal ideas and popular support they had, the people were themselves members of the Roman aristocratic class.