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I always thought this planet was so huge. But lookin' at it from space, I realized it's so small. We're just floatin' in the dark. ......kinda makes you feel powerless. On top of that it's got Sephiroth festerin' inside it like a sickness. That's why I say this planet's still a kid. A little kid sick and trembling in the middle of this huge universe. Someone's gotta protect it. Ya follow me? That someone is us.

Cid Highwind

Gaia,[note 1] known more commonly as simply the planet[note 2] and also spelled Gaea,[3] is the name of the world in which the Final Fantasy VII series takes place. The study of planetology posits that the planet itself is a living organism, and could be sentient to some extent.




Bugenhagen's simulation of the Solar System.

Geisel Bugenhagen's planetarium shows the planets of the Solar System and implies that Gaia is the planet in place of Earth, while Safer∙Sephiroth's Supernova ability in versions after the original Japanese release specifically name the other planets after the planets in our solar system. Gaia has a moon, slightly smaller in size than Meteor.


Gaia is made up of three unnamed continents: one in the east, one in the west, and one in the north. Other large islands include the Mideel island south of the eastern continent part of a long chain of islands, a large forested island that holds the Temple of the Ancients in the southwest of the eastern continent, and a long island of Wutai to the west of the western continent that is home to Wutai Village. Most of Gaia has a temperate climate with large grassy plains broken up by mountains.

The Icicle Area taking up the northern continent is made up of a massive plain of ice known as the Great Glacier. At the northern tip of the landmass is the gigantic North Crater that has a cave inside known as the Northern Cave, which leads into the bowels of Gaia. The most prominent desert is in the western continent below Gold Saucer. Marshlands can be found in the eastern continent in front of the Mythril Mine in the Grasslands Area.




Gaia is a living organism from which all its living creatures are born and to where they return upon death. Its life blood is the lifestream, a flow of energy that contains all the knowledge of all the creatures that ever lived on it. Gaia has a mind of its own and the inhabitants with special powers, called Cetra, can speak directly with Gaia. Gaia creates protectors called Weapons to be summoned whenever it feels threatened. The most powerful of these, the Omega, can transport Gaia's lifestream to the cosmos when Gaia inevitably dies like all organisms. Minerva seems to have a connection to the will of Gaia, apparently being the embodiment of the lifestream, but this is not elaborated on.

In Final Fantasy VII Remake, the Whispers are beings sent by the planet to enforce that certain destiny comes to pass, and when Cloud Strife and his allies defeat them, reality itself appears to dovetail. In Final Fantasy VII Rebirth, other realities are shown coexisting alongside the reality where Cloud and his friends left Midgar and embark on a globetrotting trip to pursue Sephiroth. These separate worlds are differentiated by unique breeds of Stamp. Sephiroth claims that defying fate leads to creation of new worlds, but that these worlds also commonly perish.[4] The reality where Aerith takes Cloud on one last date, she summarizes the nature of this world as "her dream" and everyone in it appears aware that it is coming to an end. Cloud is yet able to take a physical object with him when he leaves. Sephiroth's plan appears to be to rejoin all "layers of existence" so he can become the planet's eternal ruler.[5]


There are three known sentient races on Gaia: the Cetra, humans, and Red XIII's species, the latter of which having a have far longer lifespans but have never been known to build civilizations, existing only in small numbers. Moogles exist as legendary creatures. Outside of worship of Gaia itself, and Wutai's worship of the summon Leviathan, no other established religions are known, although there exists a church in Midgar Slums. The ancient epic LOVELESS mentions a goddess. Dialects exist from major towns and cities throughout the world. The Gi tribe, while they did not originate from Gaia, became inhabitants of the Planet after the destruction of their homeworld, and implied to have all died out but are now vengeful spirits due to being unable to enter the Lifestream.

The world's calendar is the same as the real world Gregorian calendar with twelve months of the same name and 365 days. Final Fantasy VII takes place in late 0007, early 0008, about ten years after the date of its real-world release. There is a day of celebration at the end of December similar to Christmas. The world is divided into time zones since the Midgar trains run on Midgar Standard Time.

Gaia is modern with television, cellphones, cars, planes, and modern amenities that require power sources, such as mako energy. Before mako, the town of Corel was a coal exporter, and the people eventually returned to fossil fuels after the Planet was saved by Holy and the Lifestream. Only the major cities enjoy the benefits of high technology, while the smaller towns are stuck in a less developed state. Thanks to easy transportation, several towns are tourist areas, such as the beach town of Costa del Sol, the resort of Wutai Village, and the ski-slopes of Icicle Inn. During the Meteor crisis mankind sends a manned-rocket into space. Modern armies and fleets of airships have also been shown.


Spoiler warning: Plot and/or ending details follow. (Skip section)

Ancient history[]

FFVIIR Cetra hologram 01

Shinra's re-imagining of a Cetra settlement.

Two thousand years ago Gaia was home to an ancient nomadic group of people called the Cetra who could commune with the planet itself. One day, a shape-shifting extraterrestrial being crashed into the northern continent, causing a massive wound on Gaia's surface that would become known as the North Crater. The alien took the form of Cetra and tricked their loved ones into letting their guard down. It injected its cells into the Cetra, twisting and corrupting them, even mutating them into monsters.

The alien destroyed most of the Cetra until what remained of their number sealed her away. Humans, a branch of the Cetra who had abandoned their nomadic ways and built permanent settlements, largely survived the calamity, and became the dominant race on Gaia. The Cetra, now called the Ancients by humans, were reduced to almost nothing but legend, the only signs of their existence being the ruins called the City of the Ancients on the northern continent.

Overtime, the planet gathered and emitted a mass of Spirit Energy around the North Crater to heal the wound. Because most of the Cetra were killed there weren't many to cultivate new life, and thus the wound heals slowly and still remains 2,000 years after the calamity.

Shinra's rise[]

Shinra Electric Power Company logo from Final Fantasy VII Remake

Humans have inhabited Gaia. A former weapons manufacturer, the Shinra Electric Power Company run by President Shinra, discovered a way to harness Gaia's lifestream to create mako energy and humans built titanic mechanical wonders, such as the metropolis of Midgar on the eastern continent. Harvesting mako sucks the lifeblood out of Gaia, and the world is slowly dying and the area around Midgar becomes a dead-zone. Against the beliefs of many planetologists, Shinra posits that mako energy is an infinite resource.

In their search for more mako energy, Shinra hopes to find the fabled promised land of Cetra legend and hunts for the Cetra's remnants. During their search they exhumed the sealed alien creature and named it Jenova. Thinking Jenova to be an "Ancient," Shinra started the Jenova Project to breed a human with Cetra powers who could lead the company to the promised land. The company grew from a mere corporation to the world's de facto ruler and the only state that continues to oppose Shinra was Wutai. After the Wutai War Shinra took over that territory as well, and holds complete control over Gaia.

Following Shinra's conquest of Wutai, two separate threats appeared to oppose its rule. Avalanche, an eco-terrorist army, wants to destroy Shinra and save Gaia from the threat pose by Mako energy. An Avalanche commander called Fuhito betrays the organization and summons a monster known as Zirconiade. A group of Shinra defectors from the Turks, a Shinra secret agent force, defeats Zirconiade in the Midgar slums. At the same time, Genesis Rhapsodos, a member of Shinra's special forces, the SOLDIER, and a child of the Jenova Project, also defects from Shinra and leads an army of his copies to fight the corporation and his former SOLDIER friends in the Genesis War.

During all this Sephiroth, Jenova's "son" and the strongest of all SOLDIERs, goes insane and destroys the town of Nibelheim. A Shinra guard named Cloud Strife watches his hometown burn and faces off against Sephiroth in the local mako reactor. Sephiroth falls into the lifestream and is believed dead. Genesis is later defeated by a SOLDIER named Zack Fair and is captured by Shinra and used in new experiments.


Meteor FFVII

Meteor looming over the Planet.

Five years after he was defeated in Nibel Reactor, Sephiroth returns from the dead by exerting his will from the lifestream. Taking over Jenova's body and forcing her into his form, Sephiroth kills President Shinra. (In the Final Fantasy VII Remake, he seems to be controlling a clone of himself as well.) Rufus Shinra succeeds his father and goes after Sephiroth. Cloud Strife and a party of his friends follow Sephiroth around Gaia, among them the last surviving Cetra, Aerith Gainsborough.

During the search, Sephiroth kills Aerith and ends the race of the Cetra. Sephiroth's goal is to summon Meteor to inflict a massive wound unto Gaia, and take control of the Spirit Energy Gaia would summon to heal itself. With the Black Materia Sephiroth succeeds.

Facing destruction, Gaia calls forth its protectors, the Weapons, but they fail to stop Sephiroth and instead destroy the Shinra Building ending Shinra's rule. Cloud and his party defeat Sephiroth, but as Meteor speeds towards Midgar it is stopped by the ultimate White Magic spell, Holy, which Aerith had prayed for before her death. The colliding forces destroy Midgar and some of the surrounding area, and during the confrontation the lifestream wells up and pushes Meteor out into space, allowing Holy to destroy it. This event is known as "Meteorfall" by the survivors.



Omega Weapon.

Midgar is finished as the world capital. Shinra is replaced as the governing body by the World Regenesis Organization (WRO) with funding from the former president of Shinra, Rufus. Two years following Sephiroth and Jenova's defeat the remnants of their power come upon the world as Geostigma, a plague upon mankind. Three "pieces of Sephiroth" appear, hunting for Jenova's remains to revive their "older brother." Kadaj, the leader, fuses with Jenova's particles in the ruins of Midgar recreating Sephiroth to rain destruction upon Gaia. Cloud battles the resurrected Sephiroth and defeats his old nemesis once more.

A year later, Deepground, Shinra's last secret, attacks mankind. Deepground was a secret organization based below Midgar who were trapped after Meteorfall. Their return marks a conflict between the WRO and Deepground, culminating in the Battle of Midgar. Vincent Valentine, a member of Cloud's party and target of Deepground, descends deep into Midgar and defeats the Deepground leaders, but Deepground summons the Omega Weapon. Vincent transforms into Chaos and defeats Omega, saving Gaia.

Spoilers end here.


Eastern Continent[]

Western Continent[]

Northern Continent[]

The entire northern continent is in the Icicle Area.

Other locations[]

Behind the scenes[]

Final Fantasy VII pre-release[]


House near Kalm.

A Final Fantasy VII pre-release image showing Highwind on the world map reveals a house that does not exist in the final game, situated between Kalm and Chocobo Farm. It is unknown whether the house was put there just for the screenshot, of if it was an actual location planned for the game.

Connection to Spira[]

In Final Fantasy X-2, Square Enix dropped hints of a connection between Gaia and Spira, as Shinra and Rin discuss the potential of the Farplane as an energy source, though Shinra states the technology to safely and successfully refine energy from the Farplane would not be developed for generations. This connection is confirmed in the Final Fantasy X-2 Ultimania guide, where scenario writer Kazushige Nojima states Rin would fund Shinra's efforts to refine energy from the Farplane using the remains of Vegnagun, but failed. His descendants, a thousand years later when space travel was developed, would travel to Gaia and found the Shinra Electric Power Company.[7]

In an interview with a French Final Fantasy website Finaland, Nojima commented on the link thusly: "This story is a bit of a joke. When we created FFX-2, we wanted to create something, a totally new world. Except that when I created it, I realized that it looked a lot like FFVII... But without realizing it. Afterwards, when it was officially said in Ultimania, it took a completely gigantic proportion when it was just an anecdote."[8]


The name "Gaia" has not been attributed to the planet in any official Final Fantasy VII title, though the term has been used in the Final Fantasy VII location name Gaea's Cliff and the Crisis Core -Final Fantasy VII- enemy name Gaea Malboro. It has sparsely been used in promotional materials for the series. The first use of the name came in promotional material for Final Fantasy VII: Advent Children,[9] which referred to the planet as Gaia. On the official website for Dirge of Cerberus -Final Fantasy VII-, the hangman game in the tribute section of the website referred to the game's setting as the planet Gaia.[10] In 2012, Square Enix launched their North American website for the Final Fantasy 25th Anniversary, which introduced the numbered Final Fantasy games; in the world's bio for Final Fantasy VII is identified as Gaia.[11] Final Fantasy All the Bravest also refers to the planet as Gaia in the description for the Ultimate Weapon enemy. The Platinum trophy in the PlayStation 4 port of Final Fantasy VII is named Gaia's Guardian.

Despite being known as Gaia in these materials, the planet has only ever been referred to as (Hoshi?) in the Japanese releases and related material. The world is referred to as "The Planet" in the original Final Fantasy VII, but later entries to the series dropped many of the original capitalizations. (Hoshi?) can be used to mean either "planet" or "star".[note 3]

Much of Gaia's nature, such as its relation to living things, were also in the CGI movie, Final Fantasy: The Spirits Within. These ideas are called the Gaia Theory.



Gaia or Gaea was the goddess or personification of Earth in ancient Greek religion, one of the Greek primordial deities. Gaia was the mother of all: the heavenly gods, the Titans and the Giants were born from her union with Uranus (the sky), while the sea-gods were born from her union with Pontus (the sea). The Greek word "γαῖα" (transliterated as gaia or gaea) is a collateral form of "γῆ" meaning Earth. Her equivalent in the Roman pantheon was named Gaea (Terra in more ancient documents). This is alluded to in Final Fantasy IX with the existence of Gaia's twin world.

The mythological name Gaia was revived in 1979 by James Lovelock, whose Gaia hypothesis proposes that living organisms and inorganic material are part of a dynamic system that shapes the Earth's biosphere, and maintains the Earth as a fit environment for life. In some Gaia theory approaches the Earth itself is viewed as an organism with self-regulatory functions. This theory is especially alluded to in the Final Fantasy: The Spirits Within take on Gaia as the planet's soul.



  1. See § Name for more information.
  2. In the original Final Fantasy VII, the name "Planet" is capitalized inconsistently.[1] Final Fantasy VII Remake does not capitalize the name, treating it as a common noun.[2]
  3. In Final Fantasy VII, when Tifa and Cloud talk under the Highwind in the high affection rating version, she asks if Cloud thinks the "stars" can hear them and know how hard they are fighting for them. Though translated as "stars" in English, she may be referring to the planet itself.


  1. Final Fantasy VII script § "No. 1 Reactor Bombing", capitalized differently throughout
  2. Final Fantasy VII Remake script § "Breach Security"
  3. Final Fantasy VII, Gaea's Cliff name
  4. Final Fantasy VII Rebirth, Sephiroth: "When the boundaries of fate are breached, new worlds are born. Some quickly perish, while others endure."
  5. Final Fantasy VII Rebirth, Sephiroth Reborn's assessment: "He seeks to pierce through the layers of existence and reunite fragmented space-time. He shall rule over the planet and create eternity."
  7. "Kazushige Nojima: '...After quitting the Gullwings, Shinra received enormous financial support from Rin, and began trying to use Vegnagun to siphon Mako Energy from the Farplane. But, he is unable to complete the system for utilizing this energy in his generation, and in the future, when traveling to distant planets becomes possible, the Shinra Company is founded on another world, or something like that....... That would happen about 1000 years after this story, I think.'" Final Fantasy X-2 Ultimania Interview with FFX-2 creators, Page 723. Final Fantasy Forums
  8. Paris Manga : Interview Kazushige Nojima (EN) (Accessed: October 22, 2018) at Finaland
  9. E3: Final Fantasy VII: Advent Children handout scan (Accessed: June 07, 2008) at Square Haven (pamphlet)
  10. What is the name of FFVII’s planet? (Accessed: June 08, 2020) at The Lifestream (screenshot)
  11. FINAL FANTASY Series Biography -- The Numbered Series (dead) (Accessed: August 05, 2012) at (dead)