Final Fantasy Wiki

Final Fantasy, also known as Final Fantasy I in re-releases, is a role-playing game developed and published by Square Co., Ltd. for the Nintendo Entertainment System in Japan in December 1987, and the first title in Square's flagship Final Fantasy series. The game was later released in North America in 1990, and has since been re-released worldwide on the PlayStation, the Game Boy Advance, the PlayStation Portable, iOS, Android, and many other platforms, with re-releases making modifications and adding new content. The game was directed by Hironobu Sakaguchi, with Nobuo Uematsu composing the score (as his sixteenth work of video game music composition).

The game puts players in control of four characters known as the Warriors of Light, and begins by asking the player to select the classes and names of each. The Warriors of Light can traverse the maps of dungeons and towns, which are connected by a world map, and will run into random encounters with enemies or fight bosses. Battles are controlled using menus in a turn-based fashion, in which characters can use attacks and Magic, depending on the class they have equipped.

Final Fantasy takes place in a fantasy medieval setting with three major continents, and the four Warriors of Light begin in Cornelia. They are tasked by the King of Cornelia to rescue Princess Sarah from Garland, and after defeating him, the king opens up a bridge enabling them to pass to the town of Pravoka. This sets them off on an adventure to defeat the Four Fiends and rescue the world.

Services for feature phones in Japan were discontinued March 31, 2018 (JST) along with other titles in the Square Enix Mobile portfolio.


Final Fantasy begins by asking the player to select the character classes and names of each of the Warriors of Light (the player characters). Like most computer role-playing games of that era, the player characters are passive participants in the story. Thus, the player's choice of character class will only affect the Light Warriors' abilities in battle.

The character types are:

  • Warrior (Fighter) — A specialist in heavy weapons and armor who can withstand punishment. Will become the Knight, able to use the most powerful weapons and some White Magic spells.
  • Monk (Black Belt) — A martial arts expert who is best left fighting empty-handed, but may also wield nunchaku, and the most basic of staves. Does tremendous damage in combat, but cannot wear heavy armor. Becomes the Master. In the original Famicom/NES version a high level, barehanded Master, who is unencumbered by armor, can do more damage in a single attack than any other character type; a party of four Masters can defeat the final boss in less than two full rounds. Though a rather weak class in the beginning, the player never has to buy much equipment for him, thus saving gil.
  • Thief — A high evasion/accuracy finesse fighter with limited weapon and armor selection, but greater agility and luck (ability to escape from combat). The ability to flee is bugged in versions before the Origins release. The Thief will be upgraded to the Ninja class who can use almost every weapon and most armor, and can use many Black Magic spells.
  • White Mage — A specialist in White Magic. Not a good fighter, but can use hammers for physical attacks and focuses on supporting the team with healing and enhancing spells. Will be upgraded into a White Wizard, which allows the character to use the most powerful White Magic spells.
  • Black Mage — A specialist in Black Magic, but is physically frail. Becomes the Black Wizard who can cast Flare (NUKE in the original North American localization), one of the two damaging spells that retain full effectiveness against the final boss (the White Wizard can cast Holy, but it is less powerful).
  • Red Mage — A jack-of-all-trades, able to use most but not all of White and Black Magic, and fights similar to, but not quite as well as, the Fighter. Becomes the Red Wizard.

Naming a character (PSP).

A battle against two MADPONY, later translated as Crazy Horse (NES).

Gameplay is similar to that of many other console role-playing games. The player wanders around a world map, randomly encountering monsters, which must be either dispatched in battle or fled from. Emerging victorious in battle earns the player gil, which can be used to buy weapons, armor, curative items, and magic spells.

Victory also grants experience, which accumulates until players achieve certain milestones ("experience levels") at which characters gain greater capacity for strength, damage resistance (known as Hit Points, or HP), and spell casting. The player can enter towns on the world map to be safe from random attacks, restore HP and spell charges, acquire information by talking to villagers, and shop. Battle is turn-based, i.e. players select the desired actions for their party (Fight, Cast Spell, Run, etc.), and when finished the characters execute their actions while monsters retaliate depending on their Agility.

Every version of Final Fantasy also has a secret minigame, 15 Puzzle, that can be played out on the sea.



Final Fantasy takes place in an unnamed fantasy world with three large continents. The world's elemental powers are determined by the state of four glowing crystals ("orbs" in the original North American localization), each governing one of the four classical elements: earth, fire, water, and wind.


Spoiler warning: Plot and/or ending details follow. (Skip section)

And so their journey began. The four Warriors of Light felt overwhelmed by the great task destiny had placed upon them. They did not know the true significance of the four crystals they held in their hands... The crystal that once, long ago, shone with a light so brilliant. The time for their journey had come. The time to cast off the veil of darkness and bring the world once more into the light...

Opening scene

The Light Warriors begin their quest.

About four centuries ago, the Lufenian people used the wind crystal's power to build a giant flying fortress and airships. The wind crystal eventually lost its light, which drove the Lufenians' homeland into decline. Tiamat, the fiend of wind, attacked the Lufenians and took over their flying fortress, along with the Mirage Tower. In response, the Lufenian Cid hid an airship in the southern continent.

Two centuries after Tiamat, the Fiend of Water Kraken sunk the center of an oceanic civilization to make it his personal lair and darken the water crystal.

In the present day, two centuries after Kraken, the fiend of earth Lich awakens and darkens the earth crystal, causing the land around Melmond to decay. At an unspecified point, the sage Lukahn tells of a prophecy about four "Warriors of Light", who will save the world in a time of darkness.

The four Warriors of Light arrive at the kingdom of Cornelia, each carrying a darkened crystal of each element. They are recruited by the King of Cornelia to rescue the kingdom's princess Sarah, who has been kidnapped by the rogue Cornelian knight Garland. After Garland is defeated at the Chaos Shrine, Sarah rewards the Warriors of Light with her lute and the drawbridge is rebuilt to allow them to pass east.

While traveling east, the Warriors of Light liberate the town of Pravoka from a band of pirates, who give up their ship in defeat. However, the only way out of the Aldean Sea is blocked by a land bridge that the dwarves of Mount Duergar have been trying to demolish.

They eventually search for the dark elf Astos, who has stolen a crystal eye that allows the witch Matoya to see; put the Prince of Elfheim into a coma; and stolen the crown of the Western Keep's king. The Warriors of Light retrieve the stolen crown from the Marsh Cave, only to find that the western king is Astos in disguise. They defeat Astos and recover the Crystal Eye, allowing Matoya to brew a potion that will awaken the Prince of Elfheim. The Prince rewards the Warriors of Light with the Mystic Key, which allows them to retrieve Nitro Powder from a locked room in Castle Cornelia. They immediately take the Nitro Powder to be detonated at Mount Duergar, allowing the dwarves to clear a path out of the Aldean Sea.

The Warriors of Light sail to Melmond, whose villagers blame the decay of their land on a vampire hiding in the Cavern of Earth. The vampire yields a Star Ruby in defeat, but this does not stop the decay. After taking the Star Ruby to the Giant's Cave, the warriors receive a rod from the sage Sadda, allowing them to go deeper into the Cavern of Earth and defeat the Fiend of Earth Lich.

Lich's defeat restores light to the earth crystal, but awakens the Fiend of Fire Marilith two centuries early. The Warriors of Light receive a canoe from Melmond's Circle of Sages, with which they sail to Marilith's lair at Mount Gulg. Marilith is defeated, and light is restored to the fire crystal.

The Warriors of Light retrieve the Levistone from the Cavern of Ice to raise Cid's airship from the Ryukahn Desert. They fly to the Cardia Islands to meet the dragon king Bahamut, who tasks them to brave the Citadel of Trials and retrieve a Rat's Tail as proof of success. When they return, Bahamut upgrades their job classes.

The newly-promoted warriors rescue a bottled fairy from a caravan in the northwestern desert, and are repaid with an Oxyale to breathe underwater with. They travel to the Sunken Shrine under Onrac, where they find the ancient Rosetta Stone and defeat the Fiend of Water Kraken, restoring the water crystal's light.

The warriors search for the wind crystal in Lufenia, but are unable to understand the local language until they take the Rosetta Stone to Dr. Unne in Melmond. After passing the Waterfall Cavern and obtaining the Chime in Lufenia, the warriors climb the Mirage Tower and warp to the Lufenians' flying fortress. They defeat Tiamat at the top and finally restore the wind crystal.

With the crystals restored, their power is suddenly absorbed by a time warp at the Chaos Shrine. The warriors enter the time warp to travel 2,000 years into the past, where they encounter the newly-created Four Fiends. The Fiends are defeated before they can be sent to the future by their master Chaos, who is actually Garland.

The Warriors of Light learn that the Four Fiends were created when Garland's hatred merged with the four elements of nature; when the Warriors of Light defeated Garland in their time, the Fiends used the crystals' light to send him 2,000 years back, while Garland sent the Fiends from the past to the future. In doing so, Garland created a time loop allowing him to live forever.

Garland transforms into Chaos and is defeated for good, breaking the time loop and sending the Warriors of Light back to the present. The world is restored, but the warriors' journey has been forgotten outside of legends.

Spoilers end here.


The game lays out the foundation for future installments by introducing the Warriors of Light who are chosen by the crystals to save the world. The game strives to show a fantastical world which players would explore. The NES version includes some futuristic settings in the latter parts of the game, which were toned down in redesigns when the game was ported to other platforms with enhanced graphics. However, since its inception the series has been a mix of futuristic and medieval elements, such as the hardest enemy of the original Final Fantasy being a robot (Warmech). Final Fantasy derives a lot of influence from the Dungeons & Dragons in regard to world building, jobs and stats, as well as monster designs.

The theme of the story is the triumph of good against evil, beginning with the common telling of heroes embarking to save a princess. Afterward the warriors are told their journey has only just begun. Such deconstruction and rebuilding of a trope at a time where similar games—like Dragon Warrior, Legend of Zelda, and Hydlide—shared many of the same tale, but whose quests ended upon the rescue of the princess and slaying of the antagonist, desired to show there being more than the completion of the quest, not just in gameplay, but in the reward of story as the game progresses.


Original Japanese Famicom logo.

Final Fantasy was developed after Square Co.'s initial games were not entirely successful. Square Co.'s president and producer/director Hironobu Sakaguchi declared that his next game would be a fantasy RPG. He wanted the name to abbreviate to "FF" and thus Final Fantasy was born.

There's an urban legend that the 'final' in FF meant that this was our last project. While we were having some hard times back then, the truth is that as long as the title could be shortened to FF, any word would've suffice. It was initially going to be Fighting Fantasy, but there was already a board game out with the same name.

Hironobu Sakaguchi


Far from being his final game, however, Final Fantasy was a success in Japan, presenting them with the second most popular RPG franchise in the country (after Enix's Dragon Quest). When Dragon Quest came out, it proved that RPGs could sell in Japan. Sakaguchi had wanted to make an RPG long before that, but couldn't get permission from the company, because they were not sure it would sell. With Dragon Quest proving that a game like that could be successful, Square were able to start the project for Final Fantasy.[4] The development started with just four people.[5]

The battle system was designed by Hiroyuki Ito, who had never played an RPG of any kind before developing for Final Fantasy. Ito used professional sports as inspiration, specifically American football, with parties lining up on each side of the screen, each side with a strategy.[6]

Official artwork of the initial NES release.

Akitoshi Kawazu also worked with the battle system and has said he wanted to make it as close to Dungeons & Dragons role playing game as he could. There were certain precepts to a Dungeons & Dragons type of environment, such as zombies always being weak against fire, or monsters made of fire being weak against ice, and up until that point, Japanese RPGs were ignoring these kinds of relationships. Kawazu found this irritating and wanted to incorporate those precepts of western RPGs into Final Fantasy.[4] The majority of the game's bestiary is taken from the first edition of Dungeons & Dragons, including the Mindflayer and the Ochu. The original magic system is inspired by Dungeons & Dragons as well, with a "Vancian" spells-per-day system, and with many spells and their effects, and even "spell levels", mapping directly to counterparts in the Dungeons & Dragons spell list.

Black Mage artwork.

Kawazu feels that the fun in an RPG begins by creating a character, and didn't feel the need to have a suggested party at the beginning. Kawazu wanted players to have an option to be all Black Mages or all Warriors if they wanted. In those days it was customary not to think too deeply on these things, and the imbalance a free party creation could have was never really thought of; the idea was to let people figure things out for themselves.[4]

The game was programmed by Nasir Gebelli, and it was the first time he had programmed anything like an RPG.[7]

The company initially forecast the game to sell around 200,000 copies, but Sakaguchi was upset with that number, and demanded at least half a million.[8] The company still put the limit at 200,000, so when the the first pack came from the production facility, Sakaguchi took every single ROM to every publication out there at that time, and did his own PR with the game.

Following the successful North American localization of Dragon Quest (as Dragon Warrior), Nintendo of America translated Final Fantasy into English and published it in North America in 1990. The North American version was met with modest success, due partly to Nintendo's aggressive marketing tactics. No version of the game was marketed in Europe or Australia until 2003's Final Fantasy Origins.

Final Fantasy, along with the original Dragon Quest, proved to be one of the most influential early console role-playing games, and played a major role in legitimizing and popularizing the genre. Graphically and musically, it was a more polished effort than many of its contemporaries. Many modern critics point out that the game is poorly paced by contemporary standards, and involves much more wandering in search of random battle encounters to raise experience and money, than it does exploring and solving puzzles. However, this was a common trait for role-playing games of this era, and one that, in some respects, would remain in place until the mid-1990s. Another critique of the original release is that, in some senses, it barely works; certain stats don't influence combat, certain status effects are nonfunctional, and some elemental weaknesses don't apply. None of these render the game unplayable, however, and many were not confirmed or even noticed until years after the fact.

Final Fantasy has been remade several times for several different platforms. While the remakes retain the basic story and battle mechanics, various tweaks have been made in different areas, including graphics, sound, and specific gameplay elements.


Family Computer version to MSX2 version[]

A battle (MSX2).

The MSX2 computer standard was roughly analogous, in terms of technical capabilities, to the Famicom, and so, the MSX2 version is probably the closest to the original Famicom version. While the Famicom was designed to operate exclusively as a gaming console, the MSX2 was intended to be used more generally as a personal computer, meaning the game was subtly altered to take advantage of certain features offered by the MSX2 and not by the Famicom, and vice versa.

  • Format – Released on floppy diskette, the MSX2 version had access to almost three times as much storage space as the Famicom version (720 KB vs. 256 KB), but suffered from a variety of problems not present in Nintendo's cartridge media, including noticeable loading time.
  • Altered graphics – Relatively minor upgrades. In general, the MSX2 version sports an ostensibly improved color palette, which adds a degree of vibrancy to characters and background graphics. Some feel choice of colors sometimes seems "off", and argue the Famicom version's graphics were of higher quality, despite the technical superiority of the MSX2 in this field.
  • Subtly altered random battles – The world map seems to have been moved slightly, and the placement of monster "areas" is slightly different, and thus monsters appear in different places than in the Famicom version.
  • Different saved game system – Game data could not be saved onto the original program diskette, so it was necessary to provide a blank floppy diskette for that purpose. It was possible to store only one saved game on any given disk at one time, although it was possible to have multiple diskettes for multiple saved games.
  • Upgraded sound and music – The MSX2 featured more sound channels than the Famicom, and as such many music tracks and sound effects were altered or improved for the port. Also, some dungeon music was swapped.
  • Miscellaneous engine tweaks – In the Famicom version, the Black Belt's strength would increase with his experience levels, meaning that very soon the player would reach a point where a Black Belt could do more damage without weapons than he could with one equipped. In the MSX2 version, this is not the case: Black Belt's strength does not increase nearly as quickly, and thus he cannot operate effectively as a barehanded fighter. Also, many items available in stores have had their costs changed.

Family Computer version to Nintendo Entertainment System version[]

Original NES Logo.

The 1990 North American localization was essentially identical to the original Japanese game. Technical limitations, and the censorship policies of Nintendo of America, resulted in a few minor changes to certain elements.

  • Shortened magic names – The original game program provided only four character spaces for magic spell names, meaning that a lot of original Japanese spell names had to be abbreviated to fit into the space requirements. These changes include "Flare" being reduced to "NUKE" and "Thunder" being reduced to "LIT".
  • Censorship issues – Nintendo of America policy prohibited games from featuring overt Judeo-Christian imagery or reference to death. Some graphics were modified, so that, for instance, churches no longer featured crosses.
    • This is probably why the Kill spell was renamed as "Rub".

Family Computer version to WonderSwan Color version[]

Original WonderSwan Color logo.

Many more changes were introduced for the WonderSwan Color remake:

  • Upgraded graphics – The 8-bit graphics were redrawn, bringing the game roughly on-par with 16-bit era graphics. The color palette was much larger and battle scenes featured full background images.
  • Parity with later games – Character sprites, especially the upgraded classes, were redesigned to look more like characters from the Super Famicom Final Fantasy games. In the Famicom version, shops and inns had no interior map: once a character entered the building, they were greeted with a menu-based purchase screen. In the WSC version this was changed to more closely resemble other games in the series, where each building had an interior, along with a shop counter where the transaction screen could be accessed. The battle screen was redesigned, with all textual information moved down to a blue window stretched across the bottom of the screen in an arrangement similar to that used in Final Fantasy II through Final Fantasy VII.
  • Added cutscenes – Short cutscenes, using the internal game engine, were added to expand the story. One such cutscene involved the construction of the bridge by the Cornelia army.
  • Expanded text – The original Famicom version displayed only one window of text during a conversation, which meant that conversations with non-player characters were limited in length. The WSC version removes this restriction.
  • Optional engine tweaks – In the original version, any attempt to attack a monster that had been killed by a previous character's attack would result in an "ineffective" attack. The WSC version introduced an option wherein the attack would be redirected to another monster rather than fail. Similarly, a "dash" option had been introduced: holding down a specific button while walking around in a town or dungeon map would cause the character to move around at twice their normal pace. These options can be toggled via the game's configuration screen.
  • Deletable spells – In the original version, every magic-using character has successive "spell levels" with three slots per spell level, but can choose from four spells. Once that choice had been made there was no way to "unlearn" spells to free up a space for the unchosen fourth spell. In the WSC version, the player can delete spells.
  • More save game slots – The original Famicom cartridge could only store one set of game data at a time, and every time a new save was made, the previous one was overwritten. The WSC version provides up to eight slots for saved game data. The new "quick save" feature allows the player to save progress at any time, except during battles. This will exit the game, and as soon as the game is resumed, any quick save data is lost.
  • Changed item system – In the original version, only items specifically assigned to a character could be used during battle. In the WSC, there is a party-wide "pool" of items which can be accessed at any time by all characters. Certain status-healing items and spells (such as Life and Soft) can now be used during battle. The status ailment Silence no longer prevents items from being used.
  • Added music – In addition to remixing the soundtrack, composer Nobuo Uematsu has composed several new tracks, including a new "boss battle" theme.
  • Bosses have more HP – Because many of the above changes make the game simpler, the hit points of certain monsters, and almost all bosses, have been substantially increased to better balance the gameplay.

WonderSwan Color version to Final Fantasy Origins[]

The PlayStation remake was released alongside its sequel, Final Fantasy II, in a collection titled Final Fantasy Origins (or Final Fantasy I+II Premium Collection in Japan). Both were based on the WonderSwan Color remake, and most of the changes instituted in that version remain.

However, there are a few differences:

  • Higher resolution graphics – Although the graphics are basically the same as in the WSC version, the PlayStation's higher screen resolution means that most of them have been improved.
  • Remixed soundtrack – Nobuo Uematsu remixed the soundtrack to Final Fantasy IX quality make use of the Sony PlayStation audio capabilities, and composed some new tracks, like the ones used in the opening movies.
  • Rewritten script – In the Japanese language version, the script has been changed to include kanji. The English language translation has been rewritten, and is, in most cases, much closer to the Japanese than the original English NES version was. Character and magic name lengths have been increased from four to six characters.
  • Even more saved game slots – Saved game data takes up one block on the PlayStation memory card, which means that up to fifteen games can be saved onto each card. The "quick save" feature has been excised, but in its place a "memo save" feature can be used to temporarily save progress to the PlayStation's RAM. This data remains until the system is turned off, or its power supply is otherwise interrupted.
  • Added full-motion video cutscenes and omake – The game is now book-ended with two full-motion, prerendered video cutscenes. An "omake" (or bonus) section includes a bestiary, an art gallery, and an item collection, that are unlocked as the player progresses through the game.
  • New "Easy Mode" – A new "easy mode" makes shop prices cheaper, experience levels gained more quickly, and stats increased more rapidly. This mode is optional and is chosen at the start of the game.

Final Fantasy Origins to Final Fantasy I & II: Dawn of Souls[]

Another fairly extensive list of changes accompanies the Game Boy Advance release as part of Final Fantasy I & II: Dawn of Souls.

Among them are:

  • Reduced difficulty level – The difficulty level most closely resembles the "easy mode" of the PlayStation/Final Fantasy Origins version, but there is no option to switch back to the original difficulty. The redirection of "ineffective" hits, which had been optional since it was introduced in the WSC version, is now mandatory.
  • Lower resolution graphics – Graphics are of similar quality to the WSC version, although the GBA has a slightly higher screen resolution and certain sequences (such as flying around on the airship) look better on the GBA than on the WSC.
  • New magic system – The "spell level"-based magic system was dropped in favor of the magic point-based system used in more recent Final Fantasy games. Although spells are still classified at certain levels for some purposes (characters can still only be equipped with three of the four available spells of any given level, for instance), every spell is now assigned a point value. When cast, that value is subtracted from a total number of magic points (or MP) that applies to all spells known by a character.

The Phantom Train from Dawn of Souls (Spanish version).

  • New item system – Many new items have been introduced, including the reviver item Phoenix Down. Healing items are now much easier to procure and less expensive. The party starts with 500 gil instead of 400 and the player can now obtain item drops from enemies.
  • Omake bestiary – The omake artwork gallery and item collection present in the PlayStation version have been omitted, but the bestiary gallery remains and operates in much the same way.
  • Miscellaneous game engine tweaks – Certain classes have been modified: the Thief and Monk are more powerful, whereas the Red Mage has become less so. Stat growth has been altered, and Intelligence now affects the strength of weapon-based magic spells.
  • Altered save system – The game can now be saved at any time, anywhere (again, except during battles). There are three available save game slots.
  • Monsters have even more HP – Because the introduced changes make the game even less challenging, many monsters and boss monsters have had their hit points increased once again.
  • "Auto-naming" – During character creation, the player can choose to have the game randomly assign a name to each character, taken from other Final Fantasy games.
  • Soul of Chaos – Four new optional dungeons have been introduced, one corresponding to each Fiend, and become available after that Fiend is defeated. These dungeons are especially challenging and feature items and monsters not found elsewhere. At the end of each dungeon the player faces a variety of boss monsters from subsequent games in the series, including the bosses from the World of Darkness from Final Fantasy III, the Archfiends from Final Fantasy IV, the bosses from the Interdimensional Rift from Final Fantasy V and the bosses from Final Fantasy VI.

Final Fantasy mobile[]

Namco released a mobile port worldwide as a Java game.

Gameplay is based on the NES release, but with a few noticeable differences:

  • Bugs present in the NES version were largely fixed, with exception to commonly retrofitted "bugs", such as the Peninsula of Power, and miscalculated critical hits.
  • A re-translated script.
  • An expanded inventory system, allowing the player to carry every item present in the game.
  • A quicksave function that may be toggled off and on. The game saves to a separate quicksave slot whenever the player enters a new room or floor, and the file is erased upon being loaded. In difficult dungeons, this feature can be exploited by stepping out of the room or entering the last set of stairs, then reentering to ensure the quicksave file is not erased. If the party is slain, or the player needs to reset, the quicksave file may be used to retain the player's position in the dungeon.
  • Dashing and re-targeting may be toggled off and on (similar to the WSC and Origins versions).
  • Some enemy groups have been rearranged. Stronger enemies are sometimes encountered much earlier in the game.
  • The Knight and Ninja classes no longer have their MP (or spell charges) capped at 4. Both may advance as high as 9 charges per spell level.
  • The final boss's HP is doubled, compared to his NES counterpart.

Sound effects are absent, but the player may turn background music off and on. BGMs consist simple MIDI arrangements with no looping points, and there are no boss themes, save for the battle with the final boss. The graphics are a compromise between the GBA and NES versions, having detailed sprites, but retaining more generic map and dungeon tiles similar to those used in the NES release.

Hi-Potions, Phoenix Downs, and other items introduced in the GBA version are not present. The player must make do with standard Potions, Antidotes, Gold Needles, Sleeping Bags, Tents and Cottages. No hidden extras are featured in this port. Clearing the game only displays the ending sequence, with no option to save and begin a New Game Plus file.

Namco's version was typically priced around $4.99, or 4€ and it is 600 KB large.

Final Fantasy 20th Anniversary Edition[]

A battle in the Anniversary Edition.

In honor of the 20th Anniversary of the first Final Fantasy game's release, Square announced another remake for the PlayStation Portable. The soundtrack is borrowed from Final Fantasy Origins. The script is nearly identical to the GBA version aside from the Labyrinth of Time. This version was later released for the Nintendo 3DS (on the Japanese eShop only) with the addition of Stereoscopic 3D.

The known changes and features are:

Main menu of the Anniversary edition.

  • Higher resolution – The graphics have been updated once again and are more detailed. Aerial effects have been added to the towns and dungeons.
  • Soul of Chaos dungeons – The new dungeons from the Dawn of Souls version remain and the music tracks from boss battles were changed to the tracks of the games the new bosses originated from, adding five new tracks.
  • The Labyrinth of Time – The new dungeon with much greater difficulty than any other in the game and its new superboss surpasses even Omega, Shinryu, and Chaos in difficulty.
  • Amano art gallery – The art gallery featured on Final Fantasy Origins has returned.
  • FMV Scenes – The FMV scenes from the PlayStation version have returned.

Final Fantasy for smartphones[]

A battle in Final Fantasy (iOS).

The port of the original and second Final Fantasies to the iOS is available in Apple's App Store for $8.99/£5.50. Both games have graphics similar to the Anniversary Edition and their special dungeons. With a single purchase, both the English and Japanese language versions of the games are made available (through the phone's system language). Gameplay from the original Final Fantasy remains the same as in the PlayStation Portable port, while the Final Fantasy II iOS version adds new gameplay elements, mainly the implementation of touch controls. The Window Color option has been removed, and the Art Gallery is no longer featured. The music quality of both games is slightly worse in comparison to the Official Soundtrack version (which is fully preserved on the PSP Anniversary editions).

The Apple iOS version includes a "quick save" that allows the player to save the party's current location either on the overworld map or in dungeon mode when the application gracefully exits. This means that when gameplay is interrupted by returning to the home screen, receiving a phone call, or putting the device in sleep mode and subsequently syncing the device (which resets the device's current status), the game will resume in the same location when "Resume" is selected at the opening screen. If the player opens a save file or new game, the data is deleted.

This version has several bugs. Some extreme cases of bugs include HP and MP going up by either the minimum or maximum possible value when leveling up instead of a random value within a range. The minimum value appears to be picked more than 15 times as often as the max value.

A port of the iOS version to Microsoft's Windows Phone platform was made available on the Windows Phone Marketplace in Japan on 4 June 2012, and America and Europe on 13 June 2012. Features unique to this version include Xbox Live Achievements.

As with apps for the platform, a demo of the Windows Phone version is available. The main difference from the full version is that upon reaching the drawbridge and watching the introduction to the game proper, gameplay is halted and a message appears, stating "This concludes the Demo. Buy the Full Game to play on!". Touching the screen here returns the player to the title screen. Another feature of the demo version is an option in the title screen menu that offers a direct link to the app listing in the WP Marketplace, where they can purchase the full version. Should the player do so, they can continue from where the demo ends.

Final Fantasy was made available on the Google Play store 27 July 2012. It is similar to the iOS and Windows Phone 7 version, both of which are based on the PlayStation Portable remake, but does not include the bonus dungeons not in the original game.

Square Enix immediately discontinued the original mobile version July 28, 2021 and replaced it with a version in the Final Fantasy Pixel Remaster series. Though it remains accessible to existing owners via purchase history options at present, future availability cannot be guaranteed. The new version, built on a first-of-its-kind engine, requires a minimum of either iOS 13.x or Android 6.x "Marshmallow", and sells for US$11.99 before taxes.


The cover for the manga. From left to right: Bahamut, Matoya, Fritz, Puffy, Garland, DB-6, Bikke and Sarah.

In December 30, 1989, the manga by Yuu Kaimeiji, called Final Fantasy after the game, was issued as a "Takarajima COMIC" by JICC and Publication Administration. The Warriors of Light are Puffy, the protagonist Red Mage that meets DB-6 in the back of the cave of Onrac near waterfall; Fritz, the young Black Belt (both are manga exclusive characters); Matoya, the Witch; and Bahamut, the King of Dragons. DB-6 (どぶろく, Doburoku?) is a robot who 400 years ago fell off a floating castle and is entrusted with a warp cube. The robot accompanies the party to the end, unlike the game, where it breaks and passes the warp cube to the heroes. It also features Sarah, Bikke and Garland.


As part of its Final Fantasy 25th anniversary celebration, Square Enix released a novelization of the first three Final Fantasy games. The novelization titled Novel Final Fantasy I, II, III Memory of Heroes was released Fall 2012.

Production credits[]

Original Famicom version[]

While not credited in-game, the following individuals are also known to have worked on the game:

Final Fantasy Origins[]

Original Staff
  • Program - Nasir Gebelli
  • Scenario - Kenji Terada
  • Character Design - Yoshitaka Amano
  • Original Development - Hironobu Sakaguchi, Hiromichi Tanaka, Akitoshi Kawazu, Kouichi Ishii, Kazuko Shibuya, Nobuo Uematsu, Kiyoshi Yoshii (Final Fantasy), Ken Narita (Final Fantasy), Katsuhisa Higuchi (Final Fantasy II)
Remake Staff
  • Producer - Yusuke Hirata
  • Directors - Hideshi Kyonen (Final Fantasy), Katsuyoshi Kawahara, Kazuhiko Yoshioka
  • Designers - Sentaro Hotta, Tomohiko Tanabe, Hideto Oomori, Mieko Hoshino, Kumiko Fujiwara, Eiji Yamashita, Hisanori Tani, Yoshihisa Maeda, Tohru Honda, Yoshisuke Nkahara, Keisuke Motozono, Hiroko Watanabe
  • Movie Director - Koji Wakasono
  • Movie Designers - Mitsuhiro Yamada, Satoshi Sumida, Masato Motoki, Yutaka Maekawa, Wataru Ikeda, Shin Azuma, Rumiko Sawada
  • Movie Programmer - Naoto Uenaka
  • Movie Coordinator - Shiho Sasaki
  • Sound Programmer - Minoru Akao
  • Music - Tsuyoshi Sekito
  • Sound Editors - Masataka Saito, Tomohiro Kamiya
  • Movie Sound Editor - Eiji Nakamura
  • Movie Dialogue Editor - Teruaki Sugawara
  • Music Supervisor - Nobuo Uematsu
  • Voice Section - Half Hip Studio
  • Firion - Yukimasa Obi
  • Leon - Takayuki Yamaguchi
  • Gus - Kenta Miyake
  • Maria - Noriko Shitaya
  • Mixer - Nobutaka Hirooka
  • Recordist - Nobuhira Hirano
  • Studio Booking - Toru Nakano
  • Coordinators - Kiyomi Tanikawa, Rie Nishi, Miwa Maki
  • Quality Management Division - Akihito Shoji, Hironori Akiyama, Kenichi Miyake, Hiromitsu Sato, and all QA Staff.
  • Ratings Section - Reiko Kondo
  • Porting - KAN NAVI Corp.
Localization Staff
  • General Manager - Akira Kashiwagi
  • Localization Directors - Tomoko Sekii, Kazuyoshi Tahiro
  • Localization Programmer - Yoshinori Uenishi
  • Localization Assistant - Satoko Kondo
  • Special Thanks - Masashi Kouda, Masashi Nakamichi, Yasuhiro Maeda, Hideki Matsuoka, Katsunori Kataoka, Satoshi Murakami, Toshimi Kahara, Toshiaki Naito, Tetsuya Okamoto, Yasuhiko Kyo, Mitsuhiro Yamada, Miki Akakura, Yoshie Nishimura, Mika Okada, Sakiko Kuniyoshi, Yoshiya Hirohama, All Square Staff.
Square Enix, Inc.
  • Localization - Jennifer L. Mukai, Yutaka Sano
  • Quality Assurance - David Carrillo, Mohammed A.C. Wright, Aaron J. Adams (Lead Product Analyst/Final Fantasy), Mathew Clift (Lead Product Analyst/Final Fantasy II), Jonathan Cooperson, Dana J. Kwon
  • Customer Support - Ryan Riley, Anthony Montana
  • Marketing Communications - Kyoko Yamashita, Sonia Im
  • Marketing - Kenji Mimura, Keiko Kato, Fernando Bustamante, Patrick H. Cervantes
  • Sales - Sean Montgomery, Alaine C. Deleon
  • Business Development - Ken Berry
  • Senior Vice President & CFO - Kenzo Nogimura
  • President & CEO - Jun Iwasaki
  • Special Thanks - The Kenwood Group, Ruder Finn, Virtual Interactive, Inc., Joel G. Clift, Jaime J. Bencia, Yuji Shibata

Final Fantasy I & II: Dawn of Souls[]

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Final Fantasy 20th Anniversary Edition[]

  • Executive Producer - Yoichi Wada
  • Producer - Yusuke Hirata
  • Production Manager - Kiyomi Tanikawa
  • Directors - Hideshi Kyonen, Katsuyoshi Kawahara, and Kazuhiko Yoshioka
  • Movie Director - Koji Wakasono
  • Movie Designers - Mitsuhira Yamado, Satoshi Sumida, Masata Motoki, Yutaka Maekawa, Wataru Ikeda, Shin Azuma, and Rumiko Sawada
  • Movie Programmer - Naoto Uenaka
  • Original Music - Nobuo Uematsu
  • Graphics - Yoshisuke Nakahara, Mieko Hoshino, Tomohiko Tanabe, Hideki Omori, and Eiji Yamashita
  • Testing - Reiko Kondo
  • Localization Manager - Akira Kashiwagi
  • Localization Directors - Tomoko Sekii and Kazuyoshi Tashiro
  • Localization Programmer - Yoshinori Uenishi
  • Localization Specialist - Amanda J. Katsurada
  • Localization Assistant - Satoko Kondo
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Packaging artwork[]



Final Fantasy took a lot of influence from Dungeons & Dragons, having numerous references to it. Later versions also make references to other Final Fantasy games.

A gravestone in Elfheim reads "Here lies Link", referring to the protagonist of Nintendo's The Legend of Zelda. In the American NES version, the gravestone instead reads "Here lies Erdrick" as a jab at Dragon Quest, the flagship series of Square's main competitor (at the time) Enix.


  • In Final Fantasy IV: The After Years, the Four Fiends are guardians for the True Moon crystals.
  • The original Famicom release and MSX versions had some different graphics. Two of the most obvious changes are done to two types of monsters—the Medusa enemies were originally topless, while the Eye enemies were originally Beholders from Dungeons & Dragons. Later versions changed this, even the Japanese Final Fantasy I & II Famicom art. The Beholder graphic was restored in Dissidia Final Fantasy as player icons, but the revised graphics for Master, Red Wizard, and White Wizard remain.
  • Some of the recurring aspects of the Final Fantasy series did not appear until later on. The original Final Fantasy did not feature a character named Cid until Cid of the Lufaine was first mentioned in the Dawn of Souls remake. Since chocobos were introduced in Final Fantasy II, this is the only game not to feature them, and is one of only three main series games not to feature moogles, as these were introduced in Final Fantasy III (with them being absent in Final Fantasy II and Final Fantasy IV as well).
  • The lead designer of Final Fantasy IV, Takashi Tokita, has revealed the opening of Final Fantasy IV is intended to play partial homage to the opening of Final Fantasy, which he considers iconic of the series. "You start off playing the game as is, then you cross the bridge and the adventure starts in this whole expansive universe. The opening just starts suddenly. It's not the best graphics obviously, but the emotion and sentiment I got for getting into this deeper, expansive world, I really liked that."[9]

See also[]

External links[]