Simurgh (lit. "thirty birds") is the modern Persian name for a gigantic benevolent mythical flying creature. In the Sassanid Empire era, it is depicted as a peacock with a head of a dog (sometimes with a face of a human) and the claws of a lion. The figure can be found in all periods of Greater Persian art and literature and was used as the royal symbol of the Sassanid Empire. In modern depictions, however, such as that of the Iranian 500 rials coin or the flag of Tat people, it is entirely birdlike.
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