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In the physical world, it contains within its form endless chaos. By the will of the deities, it gives birth to all living things. I speak of crystal. The eternal dream world of the crystal lies within the Unseen World. Even the gods long to find their way to that place. In all crystal, the heart that shines most brightly is called Bhunivelze.

Yeul's Confessions, Final Fantasy XIII-2

Bhunivelze (Bu-nah-VEL-zah) is a god in Fabula Nova Crystallis: Final Fantasy mythos referred as the God of Light (輝ける神, Kagayakeru Kami?, lit. Shining God) or simply God. He is the driving force behind the fal'Cie. He is alluded to in Final Fantasy XIII and Final Fantasy XIII-2, is mentioned in "Lightning's Story: Requiem of the Goddess", and appears as the main antagonist in Lightning Returns: Final Fantasy XIII.


Almighty Bhunivelze, god of light, stands above other gods and holds the world in his palm.

After creating Pulse the wild, Lindzei the wise, and Etro, the goddess of death and Chaos, Bhunivelze retreated from man's sight and slipped into a long slumber.

It was Bhunivelze who called to Lightning, forcing her to awaken from her long crystal sleep to become the savior. And he made her a promise: if she completed this great task for him, he would use his power to bring her sister, Serah, back to her.

Spoiler warning: Plot and/or ending details follow. (Skip section)



Bhunivelze in crystal sleep as depicted in the video shown at Square Enix 1st Production Department Premiere event in 2011.

Bhunivelze was never seen in person before Lightning Returns: Final Fantasy XIII, and like the other gods in the Fabula Nova Crystallis: Final Fantasy mythos, was initially never given a specific form. The symbol representing him in the mythology video*(Square Enix 1st Production Department Premiere event in 2011) resembles an eye and is alluded to in the form Bhunivelze first uses to communicate with Lightning in Lightning Returns: Final Fantasy XIII. According to a Datalog entry his true form is "an inexhaustible crystal".

Bhunivelze's physical form is that of a metallic humanoid with androgynous facial features, azure eyes set against a white mask-like veneer with gold inlay with a fleur-de-lis-like adornment on his chin, purple robes, and four pairs of angelic wings. The wings are juxtaposed by horns and an ornate crown-like adornment hovers between them. In his official render Bhunivelze has a white sclera, but in-game it is black. His name, as well as the symbol also used by the Secutors of the Order of Salvation, are engraved on the horns. He has a second, more demented face on the back of his head and thus can twist his body to assume a bird-like perch with the scythe configured into talon-like projections.

Bhunivelze wields the Double Deity, a twin-bladed scythe with a monstrous face representing Pulse at one end and an angelic face representing Lindzei at the other. Unlike the official art, in-game Bhunivelze's scythe bears the likeness of Pulse on the top with Lindzei on the bottom. Due to the similarity of Bhunivelze's two faces to the visages of Pulse and Lindzei in Lightning Returns: Final Fantasy XIII, it is possible they were molded in his image, and thus also represent the duality present in Bhunivelze.


Bow thy head and open your heart to the benediction of God's light! Drink in the light and cleanse your soul. Surrender to the radiance... Divine love eternal!

Bhunivelze in Lightning Returns: Final Fantasy XIII

Bhunivelze is a perfectionist with no compunction over disposing of those he uses and little tolerance to humans, whom he considers unclean because of the Chaos within them. As inferred in the Fabula Nova Crystallis: Final Fantasy mythology, he fears death and hates his mother and those resembling her. Lightning Returns: Final Fantasy XIII elaborates on this, showing that he despises humanity for the darkest aspects of their souls, motivating him to purge humans of their emotions, believing it would grant them eternal bliss. He is arrogant and cruel, and despite being the most powerful deity in the Fabula Nova Crystallis: Final Fantasy mythos, able to rewrite a person's mind and purge them of emotions, Bhunivelze cannot see the hearts of people.

Bhunivelze has different motivations in the Japanese and English releases of Lighting Returns. In the Japanese release, Bhunivelze uses Hope Estheim as his vessel to better understand humans to be a merciful god for them in the new world. However, he still sees their Chaos—their hearts—as unclean, and seeks to "cleanse" them by destroying the souls of the dead so the living would not remember them and live in his new world free of pain or sadness. In the English release, he instead wants to remold humanity into soulless puppets that he would rule over using Hope's body as his physical vessel to walk among them, and their cleansing via the Soulsong would prepare them to be remade into such a state.

Bhunivelze feeling emotion for the first time.

Another change between releases is the relationship between Hope and Bhunivelze, the two sharing a voice actor in the Japanese release. When Lightning confronts Bhunivelze, his voice can be heard because he has absorbed Hope and uses him as a conduit for his voice, since gods cannot usually speak at a level humans can understand. It is implied that Hope's emotions have bled into Bhunivelze, causing the latter to develop a twisted, borderline romantic obsession with Lightning. In the English localization Bhunivelze has a different voice actor from Hope. A related subplot is that Bhunivelze is unable to feel emotion before merging with Hope, and though this subplot is not removed in the localization, it is heavily downplayed.


Bhunivelze prepares his final attack.

Being the main deity of the Fabula Nova Crystallis: Final Fantasy universe, Bhunivelze is nigh-omnipotent. He can craft new worlds and new god-like beings, such as Etro, Lindzei and Pulse, as well as his envisioned replacement for humanity: Ereshkigal. He can empower his savior, a human being, to a point close to divinity, making her capable of collecting souls. He can use a human as his vessel and mold it to his desires. He is not omniscient though, as Lightning and Lumina's conversations are frequently beyond his reach, as well as his admission that, due to hearts being invisible to him, not even he knew what happened to Hope Estheim's heart after he took control of his body. Though he can create sentient beings he cannot create beings with hearts, nor can he understand them, perhaps because he did not create them originally. It is implied that this inability to understand hearts, much less create them, was the root motivation behind his desiring to remake existence. He can create beings close to their originals in both appearance and behavior, and can capture and absorb souls. The English localizations make no distinction between people's "hearts" and "souls," but the two are separate entities in the Japanese releases. Hearts are mankind's "essence" made from Chaos itself, and give people their individuality and act as "warehouses" for the souls.

Most know Bhunivelze as a nebulous being whose will is exacted in the world indirectly via the actions of his creations—Pulse and Lindzei—and later by the fal'Cie Pandaemonium and the Order of Salvation in Nova Chrysalia. Near the world's end this role is taken by his chosen savior, Lightning.

Bhunivelze is a deadly combatant, capable of summoning Pulse and Lindzei and using them as a scythe. He can use several powerful spells with enough power to destroy worlds in the process of creation in a single blow. He can shapeshift and adopt new styles of combat ranging from magical to physical.

Bhunivelze is persistent, growing more impatient and potent when beaten in battle. Even after such an ordeal he has enough power to keep fighting and destroy several planets during his rampage, with several Eidolons barely able to keep his power at bay. Though it takes the collective power of humanity's souls to defeat him, it is unknown if that was enough to truly end Bhunivelze or just enough to put him into a long slumber.



Bhunivelze mural.

The Fabula Nova Crystallis: Final Fantasy mythology was revealed in a video shown at Square Enix 1st Production Department Premiere event on January 18, 2011. The universe of the Fabula Nova Crystallis: Final Fantasy series is divided in two: the mortal world (the realm of the living) and the unseen world (the realm of the dead). In the beginning Bhunivelze had killed his mother, Mwynn, to take full control of the mortal world and Mwynn was sent into the unseen world.

Bhunivelze (top) creates Pulse (left), Etro (center) and Lindzei (right).

Despite achieving his goal of total control of the mortal world, Bhunivelze became troubled. He believed Mwynn had placed a curse on the realm of the living so that it would one day be destroyed and sought to annihilate his mother once and for all, but was unable to reach the unseen world without giving up control of the mortal world. To find the entrance to the realm of the dead, Bhunivelze created the fal'Cie deity Pulse tasked with searching the world for the door to the unseen world.

Bhunivelze soon created the fal'Cie deity Etro, but became distraught to discover he had unknowingly created her in the likeness of Mwynn and thus gave Etro no powers. To replace Etro, Bhunivelze created the fal'Cie deity Lindzei, tasked with protecting the world and Bhunivelze himself. With the fal'Cie at work Bhunivelze put himself into a deep crystal sleep to be awoken when the door to the unseen world would be found.

Final Fantasy XIII[]

While never mentioned by name or referred to in dialogue, Bhunivelze's existence, role and stance are hinted at in the one of the datalog entries. The first Analect, "The Vanished Gods", alludes to how "Luminous" lamented at creation's spiral towards destruction. This term appears synonymous with both Bhunivelze's status as the "God of Light" and his view of existence.

Final Fantasy XIII-2[]

The chaos of Valhalla consumes the mortal realm and in time transforms it into Nova Chrysalia. The "Unsolved Mysteries" section of Final Fantasy XIII-2 Ultimania Omega speculates this symbolizes Bhunivelze's awakening, represented in the rising of the new Cocoon, named after the deity.

Lightning Returns: Final Fantasy XIII[]

Lightning meets Bhunivelze.

When Bhunivelze woke up he saw the world he had created had become soiled by being fused with the unseen realm, and intended to purify both the world and the humans living on it. As hinted in Final Fantasy XIII: Reminiscence -tracer of memories-, Bhunivelze orchestrated the fal'Cie Pandaemonium's building of Luxerion and Yusnaan to lure people into abandoning their man-made Cocoon. The scientists who remained behind to study Chaos disappeared, again hinted at being Bhunivelze's doing. Bhunivelze created an illusion of Lightning to taunt Hope Estheim who eventually could no longer separate dream from reality. Though Bhunivelze had no control over the hearts of men, he could create illusions, and had the illusion of Lightning lure Hope into the now deserted man-made Cocoon where he remained.

Desiring to better comprehend and "sympathize" with humans, Bhunivelze spent the next 169 years molding Hope into a perfect "pure and innocent" host by regressing him in age to better meet his standards. Bhunivelze intends to become the "hope" for humanity through the actions of his followers within the Order of Salvation, a new religious organization that worships him. Bhunivelze is believed to have played a role in Vanille and Fang being released from crystal stasis, with the former ending up under the Order's "protection".

With Nova Chrysalia gradually being eroded by Chaos, Bhunivelze wants to create a new world. As Bhunivelze cannot see hearts he needs someone to guide the souls to him for them to be reincarnated in his new world, as the soul resides inside a person's heart. Searching for a worthy servant to gather the surviving souls, Bhunivelze found Lightning and purged her of the heart and soul of her younger sister Serah, which Lightning had kept safe inside her own heart during her long crystal sleep. This damaged Lightning's own heart, making her appear emotionless. A part of Lightning's heart, comprised of all of her vulnerabilities and other denied feelings she had locked away since her parents died to create the new persona of "Lightning" for herself, was made manifest by Chaos and became Lumina. Unknown to Lightning, Lumina holds Serah's heart within her.

Creating a heartless duplicate of Serah to keep his new servant acquiescent, Bhunivelze made Lightning the savior by offering to resurrect her sister in exchange for her servitude. Lightning later learns Bhunivelze's ultimate goal is to save the souls of those still living while obliterating the souls of the dead so the survivors would forget them and, in the deity's eyes, live a blissful existence. The souls of the dead are "projected" into memories of the living, and if the memories of the dead are erased, the pain in the hearts of the living regarding the dead is removed, making their hearts lighter. To accomplish this, Bhunivelze has his followers within the Order use Vanille to perform the Soulsong, a ritual to banish the dead to oblivion at the cost of her life.

Bhunivelze and the savior prepare for battle.

On the world's final day, after Lightning thwarts the Soulsong ritual, Bhunivelze possesses Hope's body after absorbing the boy's heart. After taking the souls of Lightning's allies, Bhunivelze asks her to see the new world with him. When Lightning reaches him, Bhunivelze explains his wish for a blissful humanity and for Lightning to become the new goddess of death to replace the late Etro and oversee his new world's stability. When Lightning threatens to destroy him, Bhunivelze laughs and calls her into the otherworldly realm of Cosmogenesis. When they meet again, Bhunivelze reveals that Lightning's stopping the Soulsong and freeing the dead means he must now destroy the new world he has crafted to personally extinguish them. He discards Hope's body as he has no further use for it.

Bhunivelze's ultimate intention differs at this point between the Japanese and English releases. In the original, Bhunivelze intends to use Hope as his vessel in the new world to rule over his ideal humanity. In the English release, Bhunivelze plans to become humanity's collective soul, residing within their hearts. When Lightning questions what he did with Hope's soul when he took over his body, he admits even he doesn't know, as human souls are invisible to him. Lightning considered helping Bhunivelze in his goal if he was sincere in his claims about wanting to save humanity, but decides fully to end him after he admits those claims were a lie. When Lightning declares her intent to kill him, Bhunivelze combines the summoned Pulse and Lindzei into a weapon to put Lightning in her place in what he sees as a final test of her worth as his goddess of death. Upon finding himself severely wounded after the battle, and enraged at the claim he will have no place in the new world he had created, Bhunivelze decides to kill Lightning. When Bhunivelze absorbed Hope's heart, he gained access to emotions, which he is now feeling for the first time, making him vulnerable.

Bhunivelze's crystallized body trapped in the unseen realm.

Lightning sends them plummeting into the Chaos with the intent of sacrificing herself via becoming the new Goddess of Death in order to seal Bhunivelze in the new unseen realm by exploiting the weakness he had created in himself by directly absorbing Hope's heart: the stab by her survival knife, releasing Hope. After Lightning breaks free from her personal chains and unites with Hope, the two launch an assault on Bhunivelze. He unleashes his power but Lightning's call for aid is answered by her allies and the Eidolons. Lightning's united force of allies breaks Bhunivelze's hold on the souls of humanity, and Lightning uses the souls to inflict a final blow upon the deity. Bhunivelze's crystallized remains are consumed in Nova Chrysalia's destruction. Though she ponders if Bhunivelze did not die but simply fell back into rest, Lightning is confident that humanity will defeat the deity again should he ever return.


Bhunivelze is fought as the final boss of Lightning Returns: Final Fantasy XIII. During the battle's second phase he changes form to a birdlike shape. For the following phases, he reverts to his usual appearance.

Players who defeat Bhunivelze may gain access to his weapon, named the Double Deity, for subsequent playthroughs, but this is not a guaranteed drop. Along with the standard battle, there is a version of the boss called Bhunivelze+ fought in a New Game Plus playthrough after completing the Ultimate Lair.

During the fight, Bhunivelze uses several attacks that allude to other Final Fantasy villains: he uses Almagest in reference to Exdeath, Wings of Destruction (Havoc Wing) and Dancing Mad in reference to Kefka Palazzo, as well as Heartless Angel and Hypernova as an allusion to Sephiroth.

Musical themes[]

"Divine Love" is the eighth track on the fourth disc of the game's soundtrack and plays during the first, second, and third phases of the battle against Bhunivelze. It is composed and arranged by Naoshi Mizuta. "Almighty Bhunivelze" is the ninth track on the fourth disc of the game's soundtrack and plays during the fourth phase against the god and serves as the game's second final boss theme.

"Last Resort" plays when Lightning forces Bhunivelze into the Chaos with her before using the eponymous ability to stun him.

Spoilers end here.

Other appearances[]

Dissidia Final Fantasy Opera Omnia[]

Bhunivelze appears as a boss in level 180, 200, and 300 mission for Arc 3 Chapter 10 Part 2.

Final Fantasy Airborne Brigade[]

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Mobius Final Fantasy[]

MFF Bhunivelze FFXIII.jpg
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Final Fantasy Trading Card Game[]

Bhunivelze TCG.png

Bhunivelze appears with his official render. His card is shine-elemental.

Behind the scenes[]

Concept art.

Bhunivelze was designed by Toshitaka Matsuda, who made him elaborate and detailed as a representation of both Nova Chrysalia and the entire universe, shown to be literally a part of the arena where Lightning faces him during the final battle.[1] His official render LRFFXIII Bhunivelze Full Render shows a silhouetted human figure in the blue energy emitting from his right hand, presumably foreshadowing his having possessed Hope Estheim's body.

The Japanese and English releases of Lightning Returns: Final Fantasy XIII portray Bhunivelze in varying ways, the Japanese dialogue having him make suggestive comments when referring to Lightning becoming the new goddess of death. In the English release, the suggestive elements are removed and he is portrayed in a way more akin to western deities in fiction and popular culture. An example is found during the pre-battle cutscene: the line "Consider my love an honor" is altered to "Rejoice in the light of God's love", while the line during Bhunivelze's second transformation, "As the goddess, you will grant my deepest desire", is changed to "You have proven yourself, but the real battle is merely beginning".

While Final Fantasy XV no longer uses the terminology of Fabula Nova Crystallis: Final Fantasy and retains only a tenuous connection to the series, the lyrics of "Somnus" and "Omnis Lacrima" refer to a sleeping god waiting for the call to awaken, and that his awakening will be heralded by turmoil. These references parallel the lore surrounding Bhunivelze. Several elements of Bahamut's characterization in Episode Ardyn and Dawn of the Future, also bear some resemblance to Bhunivelze.

Bhunivelze is associated with the colors of black and white. In western culture, black and white traditionally represent the dichotomy of good versus evil, whereas in Eastern philosophies, black and white are seen as complementary, and often used to describe how contrary forces are interconnected in nature, and all natural qualities have an opposite.

Bhunivelze, along with Pulse and Lindzei, are similar to the demiurge, a being found in Gnosticism that, while not synonymous with a creator deity, does have the task of maintaining and sculpting the physical world. They also share the inability to see anything connected with the spiritual world. Bhunivelze also shares similarities with the Greek deity Zeus, who murdered the ruling god before him and became the strongest god among the Greek Pantheon of deities. Like Zeus, Bhunivelze does not tolerate defiance and is willing to use his powers to dominate and destroy those who would defy him. He also resembles Lucifer in that regard, rebelling against his creator and being referred to as the Light Bearer. The ending also has his remains "frozen" (via Crystallization) and also sent into the resulting explosion from the destruction of Nova Crystallis, which resembles how Lucifer, or more accurately, Satan post-fall, was reported to be frozen at the waist in a frozen lake in the deepest pit of Hell, and also how Book of Revelations makes clear that Satan's ultimate fate after being defeated for good is to be thrown into a lake of fire.

Bhunivelze's chin features an engraving that resembles the Fleur-de-lis, a Roman Catholic symbol that, although technically prevalent among several European countries, is most associated with France. It depicts a lily, and is often associated with the Virgin Mary and/or Saint Joseph, as well as various Catholic saints in France.


While voiced by Yūki Kaji in the Japanese release (who also provides the voice for Hope Estheim), Bhunivelze is voiced in the English release by Daniel Riordan. Bhunivelze's Japanese voice actor also voices Ace from Final Fantasy Type-0. Bhunivelze and Hope sharing a Japanese voice actor directly ties into the plot (which ended up either cut entirely or, in the case of Bhunivelze starting to experience emotions, downplayed significantly in the English localization). Riordan initially voices Bhunivelze with a cold and emotionless intonation with a deep pitch, but midway through the battle up to Lightning freeing Hope's soul, Bhunivelze's voice becomes higher pitched with a furious tone, owing to him starting to experience emotions.



  1. Lightning Returns: Final Fantasy XIII: The Complete Official Guide Collector's Edition, p.345